- Russian Army: Gen. of Cav. count Levin August Gottlieb Theophil Bennigsen
- Chief of Staff:
Lt. Gen. count Fabian Gotthard von Steinheil
- Officer of the Day:
Lt. Gen. count Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy
Maj. Gen. Mikhail Leontievich Bulatov
- Chief of Artilery:1
Maj. Gen. Dmitry Petrovich Rezvyy
- Maj. Gen. count Aleksandr Ivanovich Kutaisov
- Maj. Gen. baron Karl Fyodorovich Löwenstern
- Chief of Horse Artilery:
Maj. Gen. Nikolay Ivanovich Bogdanov-2
- Chief of Rear Guard:
Lt. Gen. Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration
- Prussian Liason:
Maj. Gen. Christian Wilhelm von Chlebowsky
- Commissary General:
Maj. Gen. prince Nikolay Leontyevich Shakhovsky
- Gen. of Inf. Gotthard Johann von Knorring
- Maj. Gen. Alexander Jacob Fock-2
- Maj. Gen. Nikolay Vasilyevich Kretov
- Maj. Gen. prince Eugene von Wüttemberg
- Right Flank Cavalry: Maj. Gen. count von der Pahlen-3
- (5th Division) brigade
Lithuania Horse Regt.[Конно-Литовскій полкъ]2
- chief: Maj. Gen. prince Pyotr Aleksandrovich Golitsyn
- Maj. Kirill Andreyevich Nebolsin
- (8th Division) brigade
- (7th Division) Maj. Gen. Chaplitz's brigade3
- (7th Division)
Don Cossack Regt.: Lt. Col. Timofey Andreyevich Malakhov
- (14th Division) Col. and Wing Adj. Shepelev's brigade4
- Right Flank: Lt. Gen. Tuchkov-1
- rear guard: Maj. Gen. Markov-1
- 5th Division:cdr: Lt. Gen. Tuchkov-1
- Maj. Gen. Alexander Jacob Fock-25
- Col. Garnault's brigade6: Col. Garnault
- Maj. Gen. Leontyev brigade: Maj. Gen. Leontyev
- Col. Ogarev's brigade7
- Artillery - regimental8
- Maj. Klingenberg's Light Company:
Maj. Alexander Fyodorovich Klingenberg
- 8th Division: Lt. Gen. Essen-3
- Maj. Gen. Olsufyev-3 brigade: Maj. Gen. duke Mecklenburg9
- Maj. Gen. Engehardt brigade: Maj. Gen. Engelhardt (WIA)
- Maj. Gen. Kamensky-2's brigade: Maj. Gen. Levitsky
- Artillery - regimental10
- Maj. Nepeytsyn's Company:11
Maj. Osip Ivanovich Nepeytsyn
- Battery Company:
Maj. Pyotr Nikolayevich Taptykov
- Artillery - grand battery:
Maj. Gen. count Kutaisov
- (5th Bgd.)Col. count Sievers's Battery Company: Col. count Yakov Karlovich Sievers
- (5th Bgd.)Maj. Sigismund's Battery Company:
Maj. Ivan Yuryevich Sigismund
- (Prussian)Brockhausen's Company № 34: (12lbers)
Maj. Karl Friedrich Peter von Brockhausen
- (Prussian)Arent's Company № 3512 (12lbers)
- (Prussian)Kulicke's Company № 37: (12lbers)
Lt. von Kulicke
- (Prussian)Wedekind's Company № 8: (ten 6lbers)
Lt. von Wedekind
- Center: Lt. Gen. Osten-Sacken-1
- (2d Division)
- Maj. Gen. count Lieven brigade: Maj. Gen. count Ivan Andreyevich Lieven-3 (WIA)
- (8th Div.)
Don Cossack Regt.: V. S. Kiselyov-2
- (7th then 5th Div.)
Don Cossack Regt.: Lt. Col. Andronov-1
- 3d Division: Maj. Gen. Titov-213
- Maj. Gen. Ushakov-1 brigade: Maj. Gen. Ushakov-114
- Maj. Gen. Titov-2 brigade: Maj. Gen. Varnek13
- Lt. Gen. Brizeman von Netting brigade:
Maj. Gen. prince Dolgorukov-514
- Artillery - regimental
- Maj. Mitrofanov's Light Company:
Maj. Fyodor Ivanovich Mitrofanov
- Maj. Strazhev's Light Company:
Maj. Aleksey Pavlovich Strazhev
- Light Company:
Maj. Vasily Ivanovich Khotyayev
- Artillery - grand battery:
Maj. Gen. baron Karl Fyodorovich Löwenstern
- (3d Bgd.) Col. von Brill's Battery Company:15
Col. Alexander Adamovich von Brill
- (3d Bgd.) Maj. Duving's Pontoon Company:
- (1st Pioneer Regt./1st Pioneer batt.) Maj. Afanasyev-1's Pioneer Company:
Maj. Pyotr Vasilyevich Afanasyev-1
- (4th Bgd.) Maj. Savitsky's Battery Company:
Maj. Andrey Afanasyevich Savitsky
- (4th Bgd.) Maj. Kudryavtsev's Battery Company:
Maj. Vasily Filippovich Kudryavtsev
- (4th Bgd.) Maj. Artsybashev's Pontoon Company:
Maj. Ivan Pyodorovich Artsybashev
- (1st Pioneer Regt./Miner batt.) Capt. Gebner-1's Miner Company:
Capt. Andrey Nikolayevich Gebner-1
- (7th Bgd.) Maj. Ansio's Battery Company:
Maj. Aleksandr Yegorovich Ansio
- (7th Bgd.) Maj. Shulman-2's Battery Company:
Maj. Gustav Maksimovich Shulman-2
- (2d Pioneer Regt./2d Pioneer batt.) Maj. Berg's Pioneer Company:
Maj. Karl Karlovich Berg
- (8th Bgd.) Maj. Kolotinsky's Battery Company:10
Maj. Mikhail Mikhaylovich Yegorovich Kolotinsky
- (8th Bgd.) Maj. Bastian-2's Battery Company:10
Maj. Karl Petrovich Bastian-2
- (2d Pioneer Regt./Miner batt.) Maj. Zapreyev's Miner Company:
Maj. Maksim Mikhaylovich Zapreyev
- Right & Center Reserve: Lt. Gen. Dokhturov (WIA) then
- Lt. Gen. Bagration
- 4th Division:16 Lt. Gen. prince Golitzyn-5
- Maj. Gen. Somov
- Maj. Gen. Somov brigade: (Maj. Gen. Somov)
- Maj. Gen. Arsenyev-2 brigade: Maj Gen. Asenyev-2
- (Maj. Gen. Barclay de Tolly brigade)
- 4th Artillery brigade - regimental
- Maj. Yushkov's Light Company:
Maj. Mikhail Andreyevich Yushkov
- Maj. Brimmer's Light Company:
Maj. Yegor Astafyevich Brimmer
- Maj. Mikulin's Light Company:
Maj. Nikolay Ivanovich Mikulin
- 7th Division:17 (Lt. Gen. Dokhturov)
- Maj. Gen. Zapolsky brigade: Maj. Gen. Zapolsky
- Maj. Gen. Straton-Potapov brigade: Maj. Gen. Straton-Potapov
- (Maj. Gen. Markov-1's brigade)
- 7th Artillery brigade - regimental
- Maj. Kondratyev's Light Company:
Maj. Vasily Vasilyevich Kondratyev
- Maj. Panfilov's Light Company:
Maj. Gavril Panfilov
- Maj. Krivtsov's Light Company:
Maj. Nikifor Mikhaylovich Krivtsov
- Cavalry: Maj. Gen. Chaplitz3
- Artillery Reserve: Maj. Gen. Bogdanov-2
- (3d Bgd.) Maj. Pirogov's Horse Company:
Col. Hippolyte Ivanovich Pirogov18
- (6th Bgd.) Col. Merlin's Horse Company:
Col. Pavel Ivanovich Merlin
- (8th Bgd.) Col. Novak-1's Horse Company:
Col. Ivan Ivanovich Novak-1
- Right Flank: Lt. Gen. count Aleksandr Ivanovich Osterman-Tolstoy
- 2d Division: (Lt. Gen. count Osterman-Tolstoy)
- Mazovsky brigade: Maj. Gen. Mazovsky
- Sukin brigade: Maj. Gen. Sukin-2 (WIA)
- 2d Artillery brigade - regimental
- Maj. Yefremov's Light Company:
Maj. Ivan Grigoryevich Yefremov
- Maj. Voyeykov's Light Company:
Maj. Aleksey Ivanovich Voyeykov
- rear guard: Maj. Gen. Baggovut (WIA)
- (4th Div.) Maj. Gen. Barclay de Tolly brigade
- (5th Div.)
- (6th Div.) Baggovut brigade19
- Cavalry: Maj. Gen. count de Lambert
- (2d Bgd.) Col. Stavitsky-1's Horse Company:
Col. Pyotr Fyodorovich Stavitsky-1
- (4th Bgd.) Col. Yashvil-2's Horse Company:
Col. prince Lev Mikhaylovich Yashvil-2
- Artillery - grand battery:
Maj. Gen. Rezvyy (WIA)
- (2d Bgd.) Maj. Osipov's Battery Company:
Maj. Stepan Leontyevich Osipov
- (2d Bgd.) Maj. Talyzin's Battery Company:
Maj. Yevstigney Petrovich Talyzin
- (1st Pioneer Regt./1st Pioneer batt.) Maj. Dreyer's Pioneer Company:
Maj. Ivan Samoylovich Dreyer
- (3d Bgd.) Maj. Kotlyarov's Battery Company:15
Maj. Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kotlyarov
- (14th Bgd.) Col. Pankov-2's Battery Company:
Col. Pyotr Afanasyevich Pankov-2
- (14th Bgd.) Maj. Rutkovsky's Pontoon Company:
Maj. Aleksey Vasilyevich Rutkovsky
- Left Reserve: Maj. Gen. Kamensky-2
- 14th Division
- Alekseyev brigade: Maj. Gen. Alekseyev
- Herzdorf brigade: Maj. Gen. baron Herzdorf
- Artillery - regimental
- Maj. Vitovtov's Light Company:
Maj. Pyotr Aleksandrovich Vitovtov
- Maj. Green's Light Company
- Left Flank Cavalry: Lt. Gen. prince Golitsyn-5
- (2d Div.) Cavalry brigade:
Maj. Gen. Kozhin
- (3d Div.) Cavalry brigade:
Maj. Gen. count von der Pahlen-3
- (4th Div.) Cavalry brigade: Maj. Gen. baron Korf (WIA)
- (8th Div.)
- Cossacks: Lt. Gen. ataman Matvey Ivanovich Platov
Don Cossack Regt.: V. S. Grekov-18
Don Cossack Regt.: V. S. Papuzin
Don Cossack Regt.: Lt. Col. Ilovaysky-9
Don Cossack Regt.: V. S. Yefremov-3
- Prussian Corps: Lt. Gen. Anton Wilhelm von L'Estocq
- Chief of Staff: Col. Gerhard Johann David Waitz von Scharnhorst
- Advance guard
- (Towarczys Regt.)
- (Dragoon Regt. № 6 "Auer" )
Don Cossack Regt.: Col. Pyotr Mikhaylovich Gordeyev-1
- Dragoon Regt. № 6 "Auer" :
Col. Johann Leopold Konstantin von Larisch
- One squad. from the 2d batt. detached to guard caisson
- Horse Company № 8 "Bredow" :
Capt. Lt. von Bredow
- 1st Division:
Maj. Gen. Christoph Friedrich Otto von Diericke
- Grenadier battalion "Fabecky":
Maj. August Ferdinand von Fabecky
- Inf. Regt. № 2 "Rüchel" :
Col. Ernst Wilhelm von Hamilton
- Dragoon Regt. № 7 "Baczko" :
Maj. Gen. Joseph Theodor Sigmund von Baczko
- Cuirassier Regt. № 4 "Wagenfeld" :
Maj. Rudolf Heinrich Friedrich von Ziegler
- ½ Horse Company № 13 "Rentzel" :
Lt. Georg Wilhelm von Rentzel
- 2d Division:
Maj. Gen. Michael Szabszinski von Rembow
- Inf. Regt. № 11 "Schöing" :
Lt. Col. Hans Fritz von Below
- Grenadier battalion "Schlieffen":
Capt. Ernst Wilhelm von Kurowski
- Left at Drangsitten to guard bridge over the Pasmar.
- 3d Division:
Maj. Gen. Johann Kasimir von Auer
- Towarczys Regt.:
Maj. Gen. Friedrich Georg von Kall
- ½ Horse Company № 10 "Decker" :
Lt. Col. Friedrich Wilhelm von Decker
Viborg Musketeer Regt.[Выборгскій мущкетёрскій полкъ]
- chief: Maj. Gen. Zakhar Dmitriyevich Olsufyev-3 - wounded prior day
- cdr: Col. Yegor Maksimovich Pillar
- Rear guard :
Maj. Gen. Moritz von Prittwitz
- Two coys. of the Fusiliers left at Drangsitten, the rest cut off by Ney and retired towards Kreuzburg.
- Fusilier Batt. № 21 "Stutterheim":
Col. August Ludwig Stutterheim
- Hussar Regt. № 5 "Prittwitz"
- 1st battalion:
Maj. Dieter Bogislaw von Pfuhl
- ½ Horse Company № 6 "Sowiński" :
Lt. Józef Longin Sowiński
This represents a compilation and synthesis of
Arnold & Reinertsen
with some helpful insights from the Napoleon-Series web forum.
I consider it notes rather than original research.
Both principal sources have their strong points.
Arnold & Reinertsen, especially with Reinertsen's explanations on
Napoleon-Series, capture the organzational reassignments during the
prior campaign and the day of battle.
Vasilyev supplies the commanders in a more nominal organization.
There is not a lot of conflict, but I have noted significant disagreements.
Arnold & Reinertsen caution that the artillery assignments are speculative,
and I have noted my own, rather than catalog possibilities.
Russian infantry regiments consisted of three battalions,
one of grenadiers, and two of either musketeers
in the musketeer regiments or fusiliers in the grenadier regiments.
Cavalry regiments were based on five squadrons
(centuries in the cossacks),
with the hussars and the Polish Horse
having two five squadron battalions.
Russian artillery companies followed their familiar pattern:
horse with six 6lbers and six horse ¼-pood "unicorn" gun-howitzers;
light with eight 6lbers and four ¼pood "unicorn" gun-howitzers;
battery with four medium 12lbers, four short 12lbers,
and four ½-pood "unicorn" gun-howitzers.
Prussian infantry regiments consisted of two, 4 company battalions.
Cavalry matched Russian practice, but some dragoon regiments,
including № 6 "Auer", were double strength with two battalions.
Artillery companies operated six 6lbers guns and two 7lbers howitzers
or six 12lbers and two 10lbers howitzers, a half
company having half of each. Wedekind's company was orignally a depot
formation, hence its unique composition.
I have listed Russian pontoon and engineering companies after the
companies of their divisions in the grand batteries.
The pontoon companies conveyed ammunition to the guns in 1812, and
perhaps this was their role here too.
Vasilyev lists a number of artillery generals, but not Löwenstern.
Arnold & Reinertsen list only Löwenstern as Artillery Chief.
Nonetheless, the assignments appear to mesh.
Vasilyev has the Lithuania Horse in the 5th Division with their chief
Maj. Gen. Golitsyn
commanding the cavalry brigade,
and Maj. Gen. Glebov commanding the 8th Division cavalry brigade.
Arnold & Reinertsen locate Maj. Gen. Golitsyn
and the Lithuania Horse in the 8th Division.
In either case,
it seems probable that Maj. Gen. Golitsyn had a sub-command in the Right
Seems likely that Glebov would stay with his
Olviolpol Hussars, especially if Drutskoy-Sokolinsky was absent.
Seems likely that Maj. Gen. Chaplitz would stay with his
Pavlograd Hussars and command the Center Reserve cavalry.
Seems likely that Col. Shepelev would stay with his
Grodno Hussars in the Center Reserve cavalry.
Fock began his career as an artillery general but took staff assignments in
Vasilyev has him as subordinate to Rezvyy, perhaps based on his commendation for
organizing the Prussian batteries.
But this is something he could have done as commander of the 5th Division,
so I follow Arnold & Reinertsen.
Vasilyev has brigade command vacant.
Arnold & Reinertsen place the 23d and 24th Jaegers previously together
in the 5th Division under command of the obscure Col. Ogarev, chief of the
Vasilyev has the 23d in the 14th Division, and each in a brigade commanded by
their respective chiefs.
Reinertsen has persuasively explained their thinking about the Jaeger regiment
allocations on the Napoleon Series.
However, it is difficult to see a role for Col. Ogarev
in these battle dispositions.
Arnold & Reinertsen indicate a second light company,
but the 2d Artillery Brigade appears to be accounted for.
Mecklenburg remembers commanding the Moscow, Old Ingermanland, and Archangel
at the battle.
Remarkable, as he previously reported to Olsufyev who was wounded the prior day.
The most probable explantion is that he took over
Engelhardt's brigade after the latter was wounded,
but this would indicate Schlüsselburg and Archangel had switched positions.
The division of the 8th Artillery Brigade companies
between the regimental and grand battery assignments is purely speculative,
based on the thought that the less established commands would be distributed
among the battalions.
Both Vasilyev and Arnold & Reinertsen indicated a battery company,
but Tsymbal and Kuznetsov have it authorized as a light company.
Not listed by Vasilyev.
Vasilyev has Titov in command of both the division and his brigade.
Arnold & Reinertsen have Osten-Sacken in command of both the center and
the division, with no mention of Titov.
Arnold & Reinertsen have Dolgorukov in command of Chernigov and Lithuania,
and no mention of Ushakov.
The division of the 3d Artillery Brigade battery companies between the center
and left grand battery is purely speculative,
based on the thought that the chief of the 3d brigade, von Brill,
would stay closer to the 3d Division.
Acc. Arnold & Reinertsen the 4th Division reduced to 12 battalions
by combining weaker ones.
Acc. Arnold & Reinertsen the 7th Division reduced by 1 battalion
by combining weak ones.
Omitted by Arnold & Reinertsen.
Vasilyev suggests these regiments would have been accompanied by 12 guns
from the 6th Artillery Brigade light companies of
Maj.s baron Karl Karlovich Plotto, Ivan Dorofeyevich Zheleznikov, or Lavr
But as part of the rear guard they were operating with horse companies and foot companies might have been an embarrassment.
Acc. Arnold & Reinertsen Azov from the 7th and Viborg from the 8th
brigaded with the newly formed 25th Jaeger to stiffen it
while awaiting arrival of the 26th Jaeger.
Viborg was later detached to the Prussians.
Arnold, J., R. Reinertsen. Crisis in the Snows.
Lexington, Virginia 2007.
Mikaberidze, A. The Russian Officer Corps in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, 1792-1815. New York 2005.
"Шефы и Командиры Регулярных Полков Русской Армии"
http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Library/Podmazo/index.html. May 15, 2014.
Tsymbal, I., A. Kuznetsov. "Антология форменной одежды частей Российской армии". http://antologifo.narod.ru. May 15, 2014.
Vasilyev, A. "Состав
Император No. 11 2007.
L'Armée Russe vol. 4 1801--1825. Paris, 1973.
Published 2014 December 14
© 2014 Jonathan Gingerich
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